Snaatak bidhi se bhog girasthee

Ban jaaye puna baan-parasthi

Nagar graam ke tyaag ahaaraa

Meeṭhaa lonaa char-par khaaraa

(As mentioned before), a person enters the stage of marriage and family life after he has graduated from an institution of learning.  (After he has faithfully provided for his family to live well, and has ensured that his children are educated to face challenges in life), the person now retires from business life and becomes a Vaanprasthi.  In so becoming, he gives up the luxuries of the village and city.  Even his food is now merely boiled – not too sweet, salty, sour, or bitter. 


Baṛhiyaa ambar sakal utaare 

Kewal saade wastar dhaare

Kand mool phal khaaye bhojan

Use khilaaye aaye jo jan 

Let the Vaanprasthi relinquish wearing clothes that are extravagantly designed to attract public attention. His clothes must be inexpensive and simple clothing.  Let him eat (grains like wheat, rice, and peas), vegetables, and fruits and entertain his guests with the same.  


Agni-hotra gah saaṅg upaṅgaa 

Bhagavad bhakti kare sat-saṅgaa

Swaadhyaaya më chitta lagaaye

Bṛithaa na apnaa samai gäwaaye 

Let him perform the daily fire ritual and diligently study sacred books, both of which will be used to conduct Satsangs that foster Devotion to God. He must not allow his time to be wasted (in other useless pursuits).

[Fire Ritual: called Havan or Agni-hotra.

Sacred Books: called Anga and Upaanga. Anga books are six texts that help in the study of the Vedas., These are: Phonetics (Shiksha), Prosody (Chhanda) Grammar (Vyakarana), Etymology (Nirukta), Astronomy (Jyotisha), and Ritual (Kalpa).  The Upaanga books are the six schools of Vedic Philosophy.  These are Yoga-Sankhya, Nyaya-Vaisheshika, and Vedanta-Mimansa.


Vidyaa’dik vastun ko detaa

Kabahü daan puṇya nahï letaa

Indriya jit sab kaa ho pyaaraa

Man ko vash më raakhan haaraa

The Vaanprasthi shares his gifts of knowledge and other objects he may have and does not (seek to) solicit anything from anyone in return. Having conquered his senses and having placed his mind under control, he becomes the beloved of all in whose contact he comes.  


Nij patnee yadi ho-we saṅgaa

To bhee uṭhe na kaam taraṅgaa 

Dayaa-waan bhoomi par so-we

Nij vastun më nir-mam ho-we

Even if he has his spouse with him while living as a Vaanprasthi, he does not allow sexual emotions to overcome him.  Filled with compassion (for living creatures and the environment), and not being attached to things in his possession, the Vaanprasthi sleeps on the ground. 

Shaant chitta ho jo vidwaanaa

Karte wan dharmaa’nuṣh-ṭhaa-naa

Bhikṣhaa maaṅg udar ko bharte

We nar bhav saagar se tarte

Such retired hermit souls possess subdued minds, they are scholarly, they practice righteousness in the solitude of the secluded area where they live and they support themselves by asking for alms. (Purified of their sins, such hermit souls) sail across the world ocean.    


Avinaashee eeshwar ko paate

Praaṇ dwaar se prabhu ko jaate

Tap satsaṅg yog abhyaasaa 

Rakhe banee eeshwar kee aasaa

Udai hoya jab man më gyaanaa

Tab sannyaas gahe man maanaa

Retired hermit souls eventually identify with God’s imperishable Happiness. They proceed to this experience of Divine Happiness through controlled breathing. (To prepare for this ultimate experience), they practice austere living and Yoga meditation, and they sit in the company of other hermits, cherishing the thought of one day realizing God. The Vaanprasthi should willingly embrace Sannyaas at the time when such an intense divine consciousness dawns in his heart.